Melilla

Melilla, Nador 2014

Melilla is a Spanish enclave in African territory. So far thousands of sub-Saharan migrants arrive with the intention of reaching Spain. Many do not know is that they will have to jump a tripe metal fence, always protected by the Moroccan army and the Spanish Civil Guard, or get into a small boat to cross the Mediterranean Sea and reach the Spanish coasts. The previous step to this jump, are the forests near the fence of Melilla or Ceuta where illegal settlements of hundreds of migrants are formed. Gurugu or Bolingo are some of them. These settlements face daily raids by the Moroccan police. They are known to be extremely violent. The detainees will be transferred to distant cities to the border, but not before they are deprived of their belongings. In these settlements there is no light, no water. They live in subhuman conditions, in small tents and are organized by nationalities. At the moment, they go to the fence to try to cross it. If they succeed, they will have to arrive at the CETI and register with the National Police. If they can not, they can remain for hours at the top of the fence, until the fatigue forces them to go down. The Civil Guard proceeds to illegally expel them to Morocco through the gates of the fence. These practices are denounced by the Strasbourg court as they violate the human rights of migrants. Once deported they will be moved far from the border where they will beg to gather enough money to allow them to move to the forest to try again. If they are already inside Melilla, they will spend an average of 9 months in the CETI until they are transferred to the peninsula. Most of them always remain outside the center, which is always above their capacity. The same happens in the CETI of Ceuta. Once the exit is granted, the migrants travel to the peninsula to start a new life. Most do not stay in Spain, but travel to northern Europe to countries such as France, Germany, Ireland ...